Today, many people around the world are living with diabetes or prediabetes. The proportion of people with diabetes and at risk of diabetes is more and more increasing. Therefore, you or someone you know could have chances of diabetes.
So, What are the symptoms of type 1 diabetes? In this article, we will provide for you about type 1 diabetes information.
This is a chronic disease that causes asthenia and even death. When you have diabetes, your body either cannot produce insulin or cannot properly use insulin that it produces. However, insulin is an important hormone controlling the amount of sugar in the blood. Diabetes (or called as diabetes mellitus) is a disease about endocrine due to the disorder of blood sugar metabolism leading to high blood sugar levels.
Diabetes is classified into 4 main categories: type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes, gestational diabetes and other special forms.
– Type 2 diabetes accounts for at least 90% of all situations of diabetes. It is caused by insulin resistance and relative insulin deficiency.
-Unlike type 2 diabetes, type 1 diabetes is an auto immune disease where the immune system is activated to destroy the cells in the pancreas which produce insulin. This form can not identify exactly what causes this auto-immune reaction. Type 1 diabetes is not relative to adjustable lifestyle factors, but it has a strong family link and cannot be prevented.
– Gestational diabetes (GDM) is a form of diabetes happening during pregnancy. This form is also due to high blood glucose levels and develops in one in 25 pregnancies associated with complications to both mother and baby. GDM usually disappears itself after childbirth, but women with GDM and their children have the high risk of type 2 diabetes later on. The rate of diabetes in pregnancy accounts for 3-5% of all pregnancies.
What causes diabetes mellitus?
-Insulin is a hormone that the special cells of the pancreas excrete. Its function is to move glucose into the cells to create energy for the body. Besides, insulin plays an important role in regulating blood sugar.
-The pancreas is an organ located deep in the abdomen, behind the stomach.
As for type 1 diabetes, the main cause of the disease is due to the pancreas does not make enough insulin, or the cells do not use insulin normally leading to the necessary insulin deficiency in the body. This reason makes the blood sugar increase.
As for type 2 diabetes, it is considered a chronic disease caused by the influence of the metabolism of sugar (glucose) in the body. This causes the body to create a resistance to insulin ( known as insulin resistance).
As for gestational diabetes, this is a form of diabetes accounting for the proportion of patients at least in the diabetic groups. It is detected at the first pregnancy examination and it is capable of developing into type 2 diabetes.
What is diabetes symptoms?
The following symptoms are warning signs of diabetes you need to pay attention such as:
-Feeling thirsty and hungry frequently
-Weight loss without controlling
-Languid body and lack of energy
-Feeling tired regularly
-Loss of concentration
-Frequent yeast infections around genitals
-Itchiness and numbness in the hands or feet
What are the symptoms of type 1 diabetes?
Similar to the general symptoms of diabetes, type 1 diabetes also consists of all above common signs. However, some of the most remarkable symptoms of diabetes are:
-High levels of urination than usual, particularly at night
-Unexplained weight loss
Besides, there are other symptoms accompanied with the above symptoms follows as:
– Skin infections
-Itchiness around the penis or vagina
-Dryness of the eyes leading to blurry vision
All above symptoms often appear suddenly and develop quickly, especially children (over a few days or weeks). For older adults, the symptoms may develop in a slower time (a few months).
Prevention from diabetes
Currently, there is not any method preventing type 1 diabetes. However, there is a lot of evidence that lifestyle changes can help prevent the development of type 2 diabetes.
Besides, diabetic specialists are making research to find out a new treatment for diabetes. This method could eliminate need for insulin injections. They conducted experiments in mice, therapies relating to a capsule of genetically modified cells implanted under the skin to release insulin as required.