Insulin is a powerful substance in the treatment of diabetes. This is a hormone secreted by the pancreas that helps control blood sugar levels at a safe level. Besides, to create energy for work, the body needs glucose. When glucose enters the body, it will secrete insulin serving the process of energy transformation. There are three main types of diabetes including: type 1 diabetes (the body produces little or not enough insulin), type 2 diabetes (the body can not use insulin due to the pancreas is destroyed) and gestational diabetes. However, diabetes is a disease that does not involve eating too much sugar. Thanks to insulin, blood sugar does not increase too much.
Who needs insulin therapy?
-People with type 1 diabetes (Insulin is the only drug that can help to control high blood sugar levels that often occurs in people with diabetes).
-People with type 2 diabetes (Insulin may be used separately or combined with other diabetic tablets or injections).
-Women with gestational diabetes (Sometimes, oral diabetes medications may be prescribed for pregnant women).
However, there are many different types of insulin. And each type has different uses. So, be careful when using insulin for diabetes treatment.
In this following article, howtogoodhealth.net will provide you some notes for the treatment of diabetes with insulin.
The types of insulin
Rapid-acting insulin begins to work within a few minutes and prolongs in a few hours..
Regular- or short-acting insulin takes about half an hour to work and continues in 3 to 6 hours.
Intermediate-acting insulin takes 2 to 4 hours to work and can last up to 18 hours.
Long-acting insulin can take all day to work.
What type of insulin is suitable for your diabetes?
Your doctor will exchange to you about your situation to prescribe the best type of insulin for your diabetes. Besides, making that choice will depend on many factors such as:
-How your body respond to insulin.
-Your lifestyle includes what type of food you eat, your consumption of alcohol, controlling your blood sugar, and exercise will all affect how your body uses insulin.
-Your age, your willingness and your goals for managing your blood sugar.
Where should insulin be injected on your body?
Many patients take insulin into their blood with needles and syringes, cartridge systems, or pre-filled pen systems. In addition, insulin pumps, Inhaled insulin and some quick-acting insulin device are also available in the market.
The location of insulin injection on the body can affect the timing and benefits of insulin. The abdomen (stomach) has the highest absorption rate. Besides, some other good places to inject it are arms, thighs, and buttocks. However, the abdominal area is always the best place for absorption.
Also, pay attention to making a habit for injecting insulin at the same point on your body. This makes the absorption of insulin happen faster. You should also change the position of the injection in that area of the body. This helps you avoid the breakdown and formation of scarring on the fat tissue under the skin, known as lipoatrophy.
If you are in hospital, doctors or nurses can inject insulin into your vein. Since the absorption will be faster when injecting directly insulin under the skin.
When should you inject insulin?
If you have diabetes, follow your physician or healthcare professional’s instructions about the time you inject insulin. This depends on the type of insulin that you are taking. For example, if you use the rapid-acting insulin, you should inject it 10 minutes before eating, or even with your meal. If you use the common or short-acting insulin, you should inject it half an hour before your meals, or at bedtime. Therefore, comply with the above to avoid reactions when the blood glucose level is low.
The side effects of insulin
Some main side effects of the treatment of diabetes with insulin include:
-Hypoglycemia (low blood sugar)
-Hypertrophy (an area of the body is swollen by multiple injections at the same location)
-Rash at the location of injection or over your entire body (rarely)
Also, when you use the inhaled insulin, your lungs can tighten suddenly (if you have asthma or the lung disease).
How should insulin be stored?
Always keep two types of insulin, each with 2 vials at your side. A vial that you often use will store at room temperature (not higher than 26 degrees Celsius) within 30 days. Besides, a remaining vial reserves in a place where it is not too hot or too cold and away from direct sunlight.
A basic rule is that if the temperature in that place makes you feel comfortable, insulin too. Also, insulin cartridges that you are using do not need to be stored in the refrigerator. However, excess insulin vials should be placed in the refrigerator. The night before using a new insulin vial, take it out of the refrigerator and warm it up by room temperature. Do not let the insulin freeze.
For insulin pens, check the package for instructions on preservation. In particular, always check your insulin vials. The types of insulin in the form of solutions include rapid-acting, short-acting, and long-acting. Other forms of insulin are slightly opaque but not clotted.
Pay attention not to shake insulin vials because this will produce bubbles that may affect the quality of insulin.