The complications of diabetes affecting on foot of the patients

If diabetes is not detected and treated, it will be easy to develop some health complications. In which, foot complication is one of the most serious complications for patients with diabetes. Even many people have to amputate their foot to maintain the life.

Foot problems occur as a result of nerve damage, or called neuropathy. It can cause tingling, discomfort or weakness in the foot. Also, it also makes the patient loss of feeling, so they do not know that their foot are being injured.

In addition, diabetic patients are prone to have atherosclerosis, narrowed blood vessels. This reduces blood flow to the body’s organs, especially the foot. Besides, the high blood sugar levels together with the poor blood circulation also make diabetic prevention reactions become slow and ineffective.

Let’s read the following article to know more diabetes information about The complications of diabetes affecting on foot of the patients.

The complications of diabetes affecting on foot of the patients
The complications of diabetes affecting on foot of the patients

Neuropathy

Although this complication will hurt, nerve damages by diabetes can also reduce your ability to feel pain, heat and cold. So, loss of feeling means you may not know a injury in your foot. For example, you could have a small stone in your shoes and walk on it all day without recognizing. Moreover, you might not feel a foot injury until your skin becomes infected and swelling up.

Besides, diabetic nerve damage can also cause changes in the shape of your feet and toes. Therefore, ask your health care experts about special shoes for therapy, instead of trying to put feet and toes into normal shoes.

The complications of diabetes affecting on foot of the patients
The complications of diabetes affecting on foot of the patients

Changes in the skin

When you have diabetes, you can have changes in their foot skin. Sometimes, your foot may become dry and scaly, so the skin will peel and crack. The reason is that the nerves controlling moisture in the foot no longer work.

Therefore, after bathing, you can use an unscented hand cream, or other such products to balance the moisture for your foot.

Note that: do not apply oils or creams between your toes because the extra moisture can lead to infection. In addition, do not soak your feet too long. This can dry your foot skin.

Calluses on the foot

Calluses occur more regular and spread quickly on the feet of diabetic patients. The reason is that there are high-pressure areas under their foot. If there are a lot of calluses, people with diabetes have to need therapeutic shoes.

If the calluses are not trimmed, they will get very thick, and gradually turn into open sores (or called ulcers). However, do not cut calluses arbitrarily because this can lead to infections. Your health care supplier will help you do this.

A pumice stone can keep calluses under control and should use it on wet skin. Apply lotion after you use the pumice stone.

The complications of diabetes affecting on foot of the patients
The complications of diabetes affecting on foot of the patients

Ulcers on the foot

Most ulcers appear on the ball of the foot and the bottom of the big toe. Besides, wearing unfit shoes usually creates ulcers on the sides of the foot. Any ulcer should be also monitored by your doctor. Since ignoring ulcers can cause infections and lead to cut a limb.

Protecting your foot is very important. Besides, moving on an ulcer can make it bigger and the infections in your foot will be deeper. Ask your health care expert put special shoes on your foot to protect it.

If the ulcers do not heal and your circulation is poor, you will need the help of a vascular surgeon. So, controlling diabetes control is important because high blood sugar will be hard to fight infections.

The poor circulation

The poor blood flow can lessen the capable of fighting infection and to heal wounds or cuts. In addition, blood vessels of the foot and leg will narrow and harden when you have diabetes. Do not smoke since smoking makes arteries harden more quickly.  Exercise or walking on comfortable shoes is a great choice for the blood flow. However, do not walk on the open sores. Also, follow advice of your health care provider for controlling your blood pressure and cholesterol.

Amputation

Many people with diabetes have to amputate their foot or leg because of having peripheral arterial disease (PAD). This disease reduces blood flow to the feet. In addition, some patients have nerve disease leading to reduce sensation. So, these problems make ulcers and infections become worsen, even lead to amputation. However, amputations are preventable by a special care and proper footwear.

Also, one of the biggest culprits leading to amputation is smoking. It affects small blood vessels and reduces blood flow to your foot. In fact, many diabetics who have to amputate their limbs are smokers.

Read more: 

What are the symptoms of type 1 diabetes?

What are the symptoms of type 2 diabetes?

 

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