In the UK, there are more 3.5 million people having diabetes. Besides, some studies have shown that drinking alcohol can lead to cause diabetes.
This disease is a common and life-long condition. It happens when the pancreas does not make enough insulin for the body, or the body can not respond properly to insulin. However, insulin is an important hormone helping transfer the glucose from blood to the cells to create energy. When you are a diabetic, your body can not use the glucose and lead to build up it in your blood. So, this cause high blood sugar.
In addition, diabetes can be caused by genetic factors and lifestyle. Example, the excessive consumption of alcohol is a typical cause of diabetes.
Here, howtogoodhealth.net will present about the topic: Alcohol and diabetes: The effects of alcohol on diabetes
Alcohol and diabetes: The effects of alcohol on diabetes
Diabetes has two main types including: diabetes type 1 and 2
–Type 1 diabetes: this type happens when the body could not produce enough insulin. Some causes of type 1 diabetes may be: genetic factors, viruses, infections, etc.
In fact, no one knows the exact cause of diabetes. People with type 1 diabetes are usually diagnosed before they are 40 years old. Moreover, there are no way to prevent it. However, type 1 diabetes only accounts for 10% of all cases of diabetes.
–Type 2 diabetes: this type happens when the body can still make some insulin, but not enough, or when appearing a situation in the body called insulin resistance. Type 2 diabetes can be cause by: overweight, obesity, genetic factors,etc.
Unlike type 1 diabetes, people with this type are usually over 40 years old and common in men. However, in the UK, many overweight children and young people are also being diagnosed with the condition. There are about 90% of all adults with type 2 diabetes.
There are some common signs and symptoms of diabetes such as:
-Frequent urination at night
-Uncontrolled weight loss
-Genitals itchiness or regular thrush
-Slow healing of wounds
-Lack of energy
-Frequent thirst and hunger
For type 1 diabetes, these symptoms are usually clearly and develop quickly in a few weeks. However, they also go away quickly when diabetes is treated and controlled.
Unlike the above type, the symptoms of type 2 diabetes are not obvious. Moreover, they develop gradually during several years. So, this type is just detected by the routine medical checks.
The effects of diabetes
For diabetics, their body contain more of the glucose in their blood because it is not transferred to the cells as a fuel for energy. So, the body tries to flush the excess glucose out of the body through their urine. Besides, the patients who take insulin in treatment for diabetes can be abnormally low blood sugar levels. This is called as hypoglycaemia. Some symptoms of hypoglycaemia are: confusion, a headache, stuttering, blurry vision, and abnormal behaviours.
The effects of alcohol on diabetes
There are four main reasons of drinking alcohol causing diabetes:
– Excessive drinking can reduce sensitivity to insulin. So, this can lead to having type 2 diabetes.
– Heavy drink will cause chronic pancreatitis. However, diabetes is a common side effect of this disease.
-In alcohol, there is a huge amount of calories. Thus, drinking a lot can also increase the risk of overweight, obesity leading to develop type 2 diabetes.
-If you have nerve damages caused by diabetes, drinking alcohol can increase the pain, tingling, numbness and other symptoms.
However, alcohol also brings some benefits in treating diabetes. The moderate consumption of alcohol could provide some level of protection against development of diabetes. Some studies in 2005 about the link between diabetes and alcohol, drinkers who drink from one to six units a day were a third less the capable of developing type 2 diabetes than people who did not drink alcohol and those who drank heavily. So, this showed that drinking in moderate levels of alcohol actually makes the body more sensitive to insulin.
In summary, people with diabetes do not necessarily have to give up alcohol. Doctors usually advise their patients that they can drink alcohol in moderation safely. Therefore, if you are diabetic and a drinker, follow the instructions to stay within the low risk. Besides, you need to have a diet for diabetes and take exercise regularly to help control blood sugar levels.