Diabetes can cause a lot of complications that affect most parts of your body. In which, one out of three people with diabetes will have a person appear to have skin problems. Also, these diabetes complications can occur quite early in the period before the disease is diagnosed. Luckily, most skin problems can be prevented or easily treated if they are detected early. So, the content in the below article will give you a more general look at how to identify some skin disorders of diabetes and how to handle them in each specific case.
Some general skin problems
Bacterial infections in diabetes
There are several types of bacterial infections appearing in diabetics such as:
-Eyelid infections (Stye)
-Boils pimples on the skin
-Infections of the hair follicles (Folliculitis)
-Deep infections of the skin and the tissue underneath (Carbuncles)
In addition, some signs of inflamed tissues are hot, red, swollen and painful. Besides, staphylococcus bacteria (or also called staph) can cause infections.
So, bacterial infection is a threat to the life of people with diabetes. However, thanks to antibiotics and some methods of controlling blood sugar, death due to this condition is rare.
If you notice you have bacterial infections, see your doctor. He will prescribe some antibiotics or oral creams for your treatment.
Fungal infections due to diabetes
Candida albicans is the main culprit causing fungal infections of people with diabetes. Also, it can create itchiness in wet areas and red rashes surrounded by tiny blisters and scales.
These infections usually occur in folds of the skin, under the breasts, between fingers and toes, around the nails, around the edge of the mouth, the armpits and groin, and under the foreskin (in uncircumcised men). Besides, Skin fungus and vaginal yeast infection are common conditions in women with diabetes.
Therefore, if you detect these signs, visit to your doctor as soon as possible for treatment.
Dry and itching skin in people with diabetes
For diabetes patients with yeast infection, dehydration cause dry skin, or perfusion to the area of inadequate skin nourishment can make skin itching.
To overcome this situation, you should choose an appropriate bath soap, moisturizing cream for dry skin but avoid applying to the armpit and among toes.
Other skin conditions related to diabetes
Diabetic patients with overweight or obese often appear dark patches of skin, thickening in areas of folded skin such as armpit, groin, and neck, called blackburn. It may be a warning sign before being diagnosed with diabetes. Currently, there are no cure for this condition, but weight loss and good glycemic management of may fade these black spots.
Vitiligo is usually only seen in people with type 1 diabetes who are thought to be involved in autoimmune reactions in the body. It affects melanin pigmentation in the skin. Besides, this phenomenon causes patchy white patches on the elbow, chest, around the mouth, eyes or nose. There is no medication that can completely remove the area of vitiligo. However, the patients can use sunscreen with SPF over 30 to protect their skin.
Related Post: What are the symptoms of type 1 diabetes?
Diabetes can lead to changes in the small blood vessels causing skin problems, called diabetic dermopathy.
The patients with dermopathy often have light brown shots, or scaly patches in their skin. They may be in the form of oval or circular. Also, this disorder almost occurs on the front of legs. However, the patches do not hurt, itch, or cause open sores. So, dermopathy is completely harmless to the diabetics and they do not need to treat it.
Diabetic blisters in the fingers, hands, toes, feet, forearms like blisters burn high in people with diabetic neuropathy. However, these blisters are usually painless and can heal in about a week without scars. Besides, if they are not treated well, they will break down and create favorable conditions for bacterial infections.
This phenomenon consists of yellow, pea-like enlargements in the skin. Also, each bump has a red circle around and itching. It usually occurs on the backs of hands, arms, feet, legs and buttocks in young men with type 1 diabetes. The reason is that they are often high cholesterol and fat in the blood. Similar to bullosis diabeticorum, these bumps can disappear when controlling diabetes is restored.
Digital sclerosis is a common complication in many people with diabetes. However, many people mistake that they are suffering from other diseases. Also, damages to blood vessel walls, nerve cells, and collagen deposition thicken the skin areas that have many folds. This causes the finger joints to have trouble in moving. So, good glycemic control and moisturizers to soften the skin can limit this condition.
Disseminated granuloma annulare
Disseminated granuloma annulare is characterized by red or brownish reddish spots in a circle or arc. These spots usually appear on fingers or ears. For treatment, you may be prescribed some medications of Steroid group like Hydrocortisone.
In this article, howtogoodhealth.net will introduce to you a system that help treat diabetes effectively. It is 7 steps to health and the big diabetes lie. This is a helpful program that provide diabetes information and instruct the diet for type 1 diabetes and the diet for type 2 diabetes. In addition, you can also read 7 steps to health review to understand more about this program.